On Easter Sunday, 19th April, 1908, there came into force a very important change in the Marriage Law of the Church. Hitherto a Catholic in England getting married outside the Church contracted a true marriage though incurring the guilt of sacrilege if the marriage took place in a Registry-office or the double guilt of sacrilege and heresy (with excommunication) if in a non-Catholic church. Any marriage of a Catholic contracted on or after Easter Sunday, 19th April, 1908, with another Catholic or with a non-Catholic remains absolutely null and void in the eyes of the Church if it has not been celebrated in the presence of the parish priest (or rector) of one of the parties (usually of the bride, unless there is some excusing cause) and of two witnesses.